VACTERL Association in a Newborn – A Rare Case Report
Syndrome or association VACTERL is a group of several birth defects of congenital anomalies in an individual. There must be at least 3 anomalies simultaneously for this syndrome to be referred, including spinal anomalies, anorectal anomalies, cardiac disorders, esophageal atresia with tracheoesophageal fistula, renal anomaly and limb anomalies. The organs involvement in VACTERL may present different severity and quality, from asymptomatic to life-threatening cases. Various studies have reported the other congenital associations such as cerebrovascular and pulmonary anomalies in addition to the above-mentioned called as the non-VACTERL association. The patient in this study had all 6 VCTERL syndrome criteria. The feature of this patient was the involvement of his limb and kidney anomaly, which were different on both sides. However, in previously reported cases, these two anomalies were both in one direction and on the same side. Finally, the VACTERL syndrome and Non-VACTERL Association in this patient represented in the form of esophageal atresia with trachea esophageal fistula and atrial septal defect, and the presence of a kidney with severe hydronephrosis and sacral agenesis and imperforated anus, recto vesical fistula and limb anomalies in the form of one-phalanx fingers on the left.