Importance of Insurance Mechanisms in Natural Disasters' Risk Mitigation: A case study in Indiav
Introduction: This study aims to understand the dynamics of insurance as a risk management tool for natural disasters in India. It further explores different strategies and programs for disaster insurance adopted by the Indian government and highlights these initiatives' gaps.
Methods: The authors conducted both offline and online desk reviews to understand the dynamics of insurance mechanisms and government strategies. They conducted a narrative review of existing literature, including peer-reviewed articles, thematic books, and government and non-governmental reports from diverse sources.
Results: The review clearly shows that despite the various types of natural disasters the country faces, the coverage of disaster insurance in India remains low. It outlines the importance of insurance as a risk management tool, especially for the most vulnerable sections of society living in rural parts. The review further highlights the benefits of different government schemes and strategies while at the same time highlighting the gaps in these schemes.
Conclusion: The review calls for an urgent and sustained effort to increase the number of individuals insured against natural disasters in the country by addressing the policy shortcomings and engaging with the communities and the private sector to understand their respective needs. The review also underlines the importance of creating awareness regarding disaster insurance among the wider population. Furthermore, it calls for a comprehensive disaster management plan with insurance as one of its pillars.