Scintigraphic evaluation of gastric emptying after greater curvature plication in comparison with sleeve gastrectomy
Introduction: Laparoscopic gastric plication (LGP) is a relatively new restrictive bariatric procedure that emerged to avoid the problems and to reduce the cost of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy. In this study we present the initial short-term outcome of LGP and its effect on gastric emptying and compare it with the results of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG). Methods: From May 2016 to April 2017, a total of 50 patients were allocated to undergo either LGP (n = 25) or LSG (n = 25). Data on the operative time, complications, hospital stay, overall cost of LSG and LGCP, body mass index loss (BMIL), post-operative gastric emptying (the first study to asses gastric emptying after LGP), percentage of excess weight loss (%EWL), and improvement of comorbidities were collected during the follow-up examinations. Results: All procedures were completed laparoscopically. The mean operative time was significantly higher for the LGP group. The mean hospital stay, cost and %EWL were significantly higher in the LSG group. The mean gastric emptying t1/2 was 40 ± 13 minutes for LGP group and 28.3 ± 8.31 minutes for LSG group (P = 0.001). Conclusion: There is significant acceleration of gastric emptying after LSG more than after LGP with significant effect on weight loss.