Investigating of Knowledge and Attitude of Karaj Students in the Field of Reproductive Health and related factors in 2021

  • Zeinab Hamedani B.S. student, Department of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Islamic Azad University, Karaj Branch, Karaj, Iran
  • Golnoosh Ahmadi Assistant Professor, Clinical cares and health promotion research center, Islamic Azad University, Karaj Branch, Karaj, Iran.
Keywords: Student, Reproductive Health, Knowledge, Attitude, Performance


Introduction: Reproductive health is the complete physical, mental, emotional and social health associated with the reproductive system. According to the statement of the 1994 Cairo International Conference on Population and Development, young people have the right to know and have access to reproductive health services so that they can make informed decisions about their fertility issues, and governments are required to provide these services. The aim of this study was to investigate the knowledge and attitude of Karaj students in the field of reproductive health in 1400.

Methods: This research was a cross-sectional descriptive study that was conducted by a researcher-made questionnaire on 401 students of different fields and levels of study in Karaj.

Results: Knowledge in 36.8% of participants was at a good level (score more than 75%), in 60.9% of them was moderate (score 25 to 75%) and in 2% was poor (score less than 25%). In terms of attitudes toward premarital sex, 23.2 percent agreed with boys having sex before marriage, 26.4 percent had no opinion, and 54.1 percent disagreed. 19.5% agreed with girls having sex before marriage, 21.9% had no opinion and 54.1% disagreed.

Conclusion: According to the findings, policy-making is a necessity in order to develop formal reproductive and sexual health education programs for young people.