A Homogeneous Ensemble of Robust Pre-defined Neural Network Enables Automated Annotation of Human Embryo Morphokinetics
Background: The purpose of the current study was to reduce the risk of human bias in assessing embryos by automatically annotating embryonic development based on their morphological changes at specified time-points with convolutional neural network (CNN) and artificial intelligence (AI).
Methods: Time-lapse videos of embryo development were manually annotated by the embryologist and extracted for use as a supervised dataset, where the data were split into 14 unique classifications based on morphological differences. A compilation of homogeneous pre-trained CNN models obtained via TensorFlow Hub was tested with various hyperparameters on a controlled environment using transfer learning to create a new model. Subsequently, the performances of the AI models in correctly annotating embryo morphologies within the 14 designated classifications were compared with a collection of AI models with different built-in configurations so as to derive a model with the highest accuracy.
Results: Eventually, an AI model with a specific configuration and an accuracy score of 67.68% was obtained, capable of predicting the embryo developmental stages (t1, t2, t3, t4, t5, t6, t7, t8, t9+, tCompaction, tM, tSB, tB, tEB).
Conclusion: Currently, the technology and research of artificial intelligence and machine learning in the medical field have significantly and continuingly progressed in an effort to develop computer-assisted technology which could potentially increase the efficiency and accuracy of medical personnel’s performance. Nonetheless, building AI models with larger data is required to properly increase AI model reliability.