Candida auris: outbreak fungal pathogen in COVID-19 pandemic: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Background and Objectives: Candida auris (C. auris) is the first fungal pathogen considered a global health threat. Be- cause, C. auris is associated with multidrug resistance and associated diseases such as diabetes, sepsis, lung and kidney disease. This study investigated the prevalence and mortality of C. auris infection during Covid-19 pandemic.
Materials and Methods: Databases were searched for peer-reviewed articles published in the English language up to Jan 18, Heterogeneity across studies was evaluated using Cochrane’s Q test and the I2 index. The pooled point prevalences and their corresponding 95% confidence interval (CIs) were estimated usingthe random-effects model.
Results: In our meta-analysis, 11 eligible articles were included. The total pooled prevalence estimation of C. auris infection among COVID-19 patients was 13% (95% CI: 8%, 19%). The estimated pooled mortality rate of C. auris infection was 37% (95% CI: 15%, 61%). In terms of specific conditions, the pooled risk of mortality was higher in people with diabetes 65% (95% CI: 0.45%, 83%), in cases with >21 days admission inintensive care unit (ICU) 44% (95% CI: 21%, 0.68%), and after receiving steroids 43% (95% CI: 18%, 69%).
Conclusion: Our study highlights the high prevalence rate of C. auris infection, particularly among people with a history of metabolic disorders.