Investigation of the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders and its relationship with mental health in nurses: a descriptive-analytical study
Introduction: The effect of musculoskeletal disorders and their relationship with mental health in nurses has been less studied. Due to the need to find practical factors to prevent musculoskeletal disorders, the present study conduct to determine the relationship between the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders and mental health in nurses in Iranshahr.
Materials and Methods: The present study was a descriptive correlational study conducted in 2016-2017. A total of 334 nurses were enrolled in the study by the census. Data collection tools were demographic form, Depression, Anxiety, Stress Questionnaire (DASS-21), and Nordic Questionnaire, complete as a self-report. The instruments used after psychometrics. Data analysis performed using descriptive analysis, regression test using SPSS software version 19. The significance level was considered 0.05.
Results: The results showed that musculoskeletal disorders in the back (69.2%) were among nurses' most common disorders. Also, 37.4% of nurses were depressed, 36.2% were anxious, and 52.7% were stressed. There was a significant relationship between the incidence of musculoskeletal disorders with depression, anxiety, and stress in nurses (p <0.05).
Conclusion: According to the above results, it founded that nurses have experienced degrees of depression, anxiety, and stress that can play a role in the development of skeletal disorders; therefore, immunization training methods are recommended to nurses to reduce stress, anxiety, and depression, which in turn can help reduce the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders.