Survey the level of well-being and Psychometric characteristics of hospital nurses’ well-being at work scale
Introduction: Mental health problems is common among nurses, because they have to deal with to workplace stresses such as work-rest cycle problems, overload responsibility, financial problems, lack of vacation time, pressures of work, patient communication frameworks and painful experiences of patients. These factors can decrease their wellbeing, but there is not brief and practical scale to assess psychological resiliency among nurses. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the hospital nurses’ well-being at work scale.
Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 194 nurses. The hospital nurses’ well-being at work was administered. The hospital nurses’ well-being at work is composed of 67 items and psychometric properties were examined through the Face validity, Content Validity, Concurrent validity, Construct validity. The data were analyzes by SPSS software.
Results: Face and content validity were approved by five psychologists. The KMO index and Bartlett's Cruity Index indicated that correlation matrix was suitable for performing exploratory factor analysis. Factor analysis with Principal Component Analysis extracted one factor with 67.06% total variance. Internal consistency was confirmed by a Cronbach’s alpha of 0.957. According to the findings of the present study, 2.1% of nurses experienced very low well-being, 6.7% experienced low, 66.6% experienced moderate and 22.7% experienced high one.
Conclusion: This study showed that the hospital nurses’ well-being at workplace had appropriate psychometric properties and is a valid and reliable screening index to measure well-being of nurses. This index could facilitate the assessing Well-Being in brief and practical way among nurses.