Determining optimal risk assessment model in construction projects (Case study: steel plant construction project
Introduction: Identifying occupational hazards and managing occupational safety and health risks has been the most important mission and responsibility of the health and safety management system in organizations and adopting coded plans to achieve this is the key to continuously improving this system and promoting it. The aim of the present study was to determine the optimal risk assessment methodology in development projects.
Materials and Methods: This was a descriptive-analytic research In this research, using previous research studies and collecting expert opinions, the most important criteria for selecting a specific risk assessment methodology, and then using one of the three most-used techniques is an important activity in the steel making industry and risk assessment. Then, the decision matrix is based on the strengths and weaknesses of the models. The prioritization of these three methods is done using the hierarchical analysis decision method.
Results: In this paper, five key factors, the degree of application in identifying hazards, usability in different stages of risk assessment, reliability, ease of use, and training needs and costs, are identified as the most important criteria for choosing a risk assessment technique and the FMEA method was considered as the best Risk Assessment Method.
Conclusion: FMEA methodhas been introduced with regard to its capabilities as an optimal risk assessment method for contruction projects.