Evaluation of static anthropometric characteristics of children aged 2 to 6 years in kindergartens and preschools in Isfahan and comparison with the anthropometric information of Belgium
Introduction: The adequacy of facilities and the individual securities in the different age groups is importance and leads to increase productivity and improve people's daily activities. This is in keeping with the principles of ergonomics in the design of equipment. The present study aimed to measure body dimensions of a representative sample of children aged 2 to 6 years old in Kindergarten and preschool children in the city of Isfahan compared with the physical dimensions in Belgium.
Method: In this study, it was measured 24 static anthropometric dimensions of 700 people samples, including 350 male and 350 female in kindergartens and preschools from Isfahan aged 2–6 years usig rated vertical planes with 2*1 meter dimension, caliper with a movable jaw and tape measure .These data were analyzed by SPSS software, version 20 and descriptive statistics such as mean, standard deviation, max and min level ,median, mode and percentiles value was calculated for each dimension. Then, the percentiles (5 and 95) were obtained compared to the Belgian standards and the percentage of difference between them was determined.
Results: Descriptive static anthropometric dimensions and percentiles value were presented as an anthropometric database in 5 age groups and it was shown age has effected on a set of 24 anthropometric dimensions (p<0.05).
Conclusion: Age and gender are two factors affecting anthropometric variables. According to the results of this study, it is necessary to use the anterpometric database prepared by the same age group and country in the design of the equipment.