Spiritual distress among novice nurses during role transition at a university teaching hospital in Pakistan

  • Nasreen Lalani
Keywords: novice nurses; role transition; spiritual distress; workplace; retention; spiritual growth


Background & Aim: Novice nurses often find it difficult to adjust in the workplace especially during the role transition phase and may find spiritual distress if they find their work meaningless and dissatisfying. The following paper aims to elaborate on the unique aspect of spiritual distress among novice nurses’ during their role transition phase and its impact on nurses’ retention, self-efficacy, and job satisfaction. 

Materials & Methods: Grounded theory approach was taken. A purposive sample of novice nurses who had graduated within the last six months were selected as participants.  Individual in-depth interviews were taken. Data was analyzed using constant comparative analysis approach. Data was transcribed, translated, and various categories were formulated. Ethics was obtained from the University Research Ethics Board.

Results: Most novice nurses were facing spiritual distress during their role transition phase. Spiritual distress was affecting their productivity, satisfaction and quality of work in the hospital.

Conclusion: This study informs existential motives to be incorporated in occupational health policies within a hospital setting to smoothen role transition as well as to improve quality care and job satisfaction among novice nurses.