Green Synthesis of Iron Oxide-Palladium Nanocomposites by Pepper extract and Its Application in Removing of Colored Pollutants from Water

  • Shahab Khaghani


Fe3O4 nanoparticles were synthesized in the presence of pepper extract as a capping agent via a hydrothermal method. Then palladium nanoparticles and Fe3O4-Pd nanocomposites were synthesized with the aid of pepper extract as a reducing agent. Vibrating Sample magnetometer illustrated that Fe3O4 nanoparticles have super paramagnetic behaviour. The photo catalytic behaviour of Fe3O4-Pd nanocomposites was investigated using the degradation of two azo dyes under ultraviolet light irradiation. The results show that nanocomposites have feasible magnetic and photo catalytic properties. The prepared products were characterized by X-ray diffraction pattern, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy.