Impact of roof shape on indoor gaseous pollutant level for natural ventilation buildings in a street canyon: Numerical simulation
Introduction: Coupling the indoor and outdoor airflow of roadside buildings in a street canyon, the impact of flat and triangular roofs on indoor air pollutant concentration and ventilation rates of naturally ventilated buildings is studied using numerical simulation methods.
Materials and methods: The flow and pollutant diffusion control equations are solved by using ANSYS Fluent. In simulation, RNG k-ε turbulence model is adopted. The numerical model is validated using the three-dimensional street canyon test data from the wind tunnel experiment at University of Karlsruhe.
Results: The flow and pollutant concentration distributions under different roof shapes are obtained. The ventilation rates with different air flow resistances and pollution level indoors are provided.
Conclusion: Ventilation direction through windows of roadside buildings determines the level of indoor air polluted by vehicle emissions in street canyon. When the building main height equals to the width of the street, flat roofs make the indoor concentration basically consistent with that near the external walls of the canyon. The higher the triangular roofs, the higher the ventilation rate and the lower the indoor concentration. The ventilation rate is influenced not only by roofs, but also by the floor location and indoor ventilation resistance.v