Anxiety among Adults with Diabetes in Fasa Diabetes Registry System: Risk Factors and Relationship to Blood Sugar Control
Background & Objective: Diabetes mellitus (DM) became a critical worldwide issue in last few decades. One of the progressive concerns is mental health in diabetic patients. Anxiety is one of mental health disorders that is comprehensively prevalent in diabetic patients. The investigation of anxiety in diabetes and poor glycemic control and other factors is related to comorbid anxiety with diabetes.
Materials & Methods: 220 diabetic patients who were registered on Fasa diabetes registry system. We interviewed them on telephone and collected Persian version of Beck anxiety inventory (BAI).
Result: Our study showed that prevalence of anxiety in diabetic patients was 29.5%. Among this the majority of them were females, i.e. 148 patients (67.3 %) and 72 (32.7%) were males and mean age was 57.16 years. Among all factors, glycemic control (glycosylated hemoglobin type A1C (HbA1C) and FBS) were not significantly related to anxiety in diabetes subjects. However significant relation between demographic factors (sex, having child and job) was detected.
Conclusion: Our study revealed a high prevalence of anxiety among diabetic patients and shows a significant relation with factors like sex, occupation, and job satisfaction. On the other hand, no significant relation between glycemic control and anxiety was observed. However, longitudinal study needs to identify detailed risk factors.