Two Verses of Dignity; the Study of Verses of Caliphate and Trust with the Criterion of Human Digninty

  • Seyed Abdosaleh Jafari PHD candidate of the study of religion, Faculty of religions, University of Religions and Denominations, Qom, Iran.
  • Seyed Abolhasan Navab Associate Professor of Department of comparative jurisprudention and law, Faculty of Islamic Denomination, University of Religions and Denominations, Qom, Iran.
  • Bagher Talebi Darabi Assistant Professor of Department of Study of Religion, Faculty of religions, University of Religions and Denominations, Qom, Iran.
  • Behin Arami Nia Assistant Professor of Psychiatry, Community Psychiatry Department, Faculty of Behavioral Sciences and Mental Health (Tehran Institute of Psychiatry), Iran University of Medical Sciences, Iran.
Keywords: Authority, Trust, Caliphate, Human Dignity.


”Koran” had affirmed “Human Dignity” but in other verse, it had mentioned “Caliphate/Substitution” and “Deposit” about human in comparison with other creatures that they had difficult and covered interpretations. “The choice of good and evil” as Human Dignity criterion, makes it easy and transparent.

“Deposit” verse says Human accepts Deposit and others refuse it because of 2 adjectives: “Zaloom” and “Jahool” from roots of oppression and ignorance. Interpretations are different in meaning this adjective and their relation to deposit. If deposit is choosing, it can make oppression and justice and knowledge and ignorance. Then “FAOOL” structure in Arabic can show potency of action/adjective. Thus, they mean potent for oppression and ignorance like justice and knowledge. It means choosing potency, not actual ugliness.

In “Caliphate” verse, angels say to God that Human creation tend to corruption and killing. God hadn’t refused it but had referred to an upper knowledge. If Caliphate is good choosing too along justice and knowledge, angels had seen properly contemporaneous ignorance and oppression and corruption and killing but they couldn’t recognize the difference between good free discretion and their algebraic goodness that is caliphate and moral similarity and free worship of God with Lordship essence.