The Effectiveness of Logotherapy Training on Psychological Well-Being and Life Expectancy in Patients with Diabetes Type 2
Objective: In daily life, logotherapy is one of the skills that can be taught to increase the levels of psychological well-being and hope. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of meaningful psychological skills in promoting psychological well-being and life expectancy in patients with type 2 diabetes in the city of Salas city of Kermanshah province.
Materials and Methods: The present study is an experiment with a pre-test-post-test design with a control group. The statistical population of the study was all patients with type 2 diabetes in Salas city of Kermanshah province. Thirty people were randomly divided into two groups of 15 experimental and controlled by sampling. After that, the experimental group was trained in logotherapy skills and meaning for 2 months in a total of 8 sessions of 90 minutes. After completing the training and after one month, the post-test was performed simultaneously and under the same conditions for both experimental and control groups. Data were analyzed by multivariate analysis of covariance (MANCOVA) with SPSS 18 software.
Results: Results of analysis of covariance on post-test means, there is a significant difference between logotherapy and control groups in psychological well-being and life expectancy variables (P-value< 0.001). The value of squares indicates that about 77% of the variance of the well-being score and about 81% of the variance of the life expectancy score is explained by the difference between the two methods.
Conclusion: Logotherapy training is effective on psychological well-being and life expectancy of diabetic patients.