Evaluation of telehomecare Studies in Patients with Chronic Heart Failure: A health Technology Assessment Study
Background: Heart failure (HF) is a major complication resulting from a variety of heart diseases. HF is an increasingly important issue, whose prevalence has doubled in the last two decades. This is due to increased life expectancy, treatment and prevention of other heart diseases, and increased life expectancy. Promoting self-care through tele homecare is an emerging strategy for managing chronic diseases.
Objectives: The purpose of this study is to evaluate tele-care studies in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). This is based evaluating the types of technologies used for patients in this method, effectiveness, cost-effectiveness and safety of these technologies based on the aspects of health technology assessment.
Methods: PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, Cochrane databases, HTA (Health Technology Assessment), NHS EED (National Health System Economic Evaluation Database), DARE (Database of Abstract of Reviews of Effects), Embase, and (Society for Information Display) SID were searched using medical subject heading (Mesh) keywords. Then, studies were evaluated by two people and disputed by a third party. The quality of the extracted studies was evaluated based on the (Risk of Bias) RoB 2.0 checklist. The difference between the mean and its standard deviation was calculated (which was used as the effect size). To analyze the results, meta-analysis of random effects was performed. In addition, the subgroup and meta-regression analysis were performed to discover possible sources of heterogeneity. Finally, studies were evaluated in terms of Health Problem and Current Use of the Technology (CUR), Description and technical characteristics of technology (TEC), safety (SAF), Clinical effectiveness (EFF), Costs and economic evaluation (ECO) of 9 Aspects of Health Technology Assessment (HTA). Studies were evaluated with respect to the long-distance care in patients with CHF. We approach the method through systematic review and meta-analysis based on the principles of PRISMA-P. This systematic review examined the effectiveness of long-distance care interventions in patients with CHF, compared with conventional care methods. In general, evaluation of studies extracted in this systematic review will try to identify, evaluate and combine the effects of tele-care in patients with HF using meta-analytical methods in the evidence. Evaluating studies conducted in the field of tele-care in patients with CHF will help us to better understand how these methods work in the management of chronic heart disease [effectiveness, safety and cost reduction] and determine which care interventions Distance is more effective in patients with HF based on their characteristics according to clinical outcomes and resource use.
Conclusion: The results of this study can be used as a guide to provide valid evidence for the decision of senior managers of the Ministry of Health and large hospitals to use common technologies used in distance care for patients with CHF and other chronic diseases. This study will also provide a new understanding of the various studies that have been conducted to help patients with chronic failure by different types of remote care technologies in terms of effectiveness, safety, technology, and economic costs.