Prevalence of Depression, Anxiety, and Stress in Workers of Petrochemical Industry: a cross sectional study in Assaluyeh port
Introduction: Mental disorders such as depression, anxiety, and stress are important factors in determining the life quality as well as many social and economic problems in workers' life. The goal of this study was to determine the prevalence of depression, anxiety, and stress among workers of the petrochemical industry in Assaluyeh port in 2017.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 167 workers employed in the petrochemical industry. Data were collected using a two-part questionnaire including field information and standard depression, anxiety, and stress screening questionnaire (DASS-21). Data were analyzed in SPSS20 using descriptive statistics, ANOVA, and Tukey post hoc test.
Results: The prevalence of depression, anxiety, and stress were 38.92, 44.31, and 29.34 percent in the present study. Moreover, comparison of depression, anxiety, and stress with demographic variables showed a significant relationship between age, marital status, education, and job satisfaction (P <0.050).
Conclusion: Prevalence of depression, anxiety, and stress was in the range of 29-44 percent among the workers. Demographic factors including age, marital status, education, and job satisfaction indicated a significant relationship with depression, anxiety, and stress. Further field studies are recommended to identify other factors related to these disorders. We should also plan interventions to support and empower workers in the workplace.